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The Role of Dual Diagnosis in Substance Abuse Treatment

Happiness refers to a mental or emotional state of well-being which can be defined by positive or pleasant emotions ranging from contentment to intense joy. In today’s day and age, everyone is constantly in the pursuit of happiness. Many equate happiness to the constant pursuit of success coupled with perpetual restlessness. Albert Einstein’s Theory of Happiness recently sold for $1.5 Million, and states quite the opposite to what the preformed notions of happiness are. It states that “A calm and modest life brings more happiness than the constant pursuit of success combined with constant restlessness.”

Everyone has ups and downs, good days and bad days. For the vast majority, they are able to jump back and maintain some level of equilibrium in regard to their mood. However, this is not the case for everyone. For those who suffer from depression, their mood can remain in that low state without the rebound in mood, etc.

What are the current statistics of Dual Diagnosis patients in Substance Abuse Treatment

Dual Diagnosis patients in Substance Abuse Treatment
Dual Diagnosis patients in Substance Abuse Treatment

Across the United States, millions of individuals are affected both directly and indirectly by depression. The Centers for Disease Control has estimated that 10% of Americans suffer from depression. With that being said, the group that is at highest risk of suffering from depression includes those who are middle aged (45-64), females of the African American and Hispanic descent. Depression manifests with mood, cognitive and physical symptoms, is associated with an increase prevalence of chronic diseases, increased healthcare utilization, and impaired functioning. Also, lack of adequate mental health coverage benefits hinders many from truly getting help, coupled with the inadequate treatment of the core symptoms.

Substance abuse and addiction is common amongst this demographic due to the fact that many use the psychoactive substances such as heroin, cocaine, amphetamines, benzodiazepines, and alcohol as an “escape” to numb any painful feelings they may have or have a state of temporary euphoria. This leads to tolerance to the substance, subsequent abuse and dependency by their bodies.

Currently, there are over 20 million people in the United States who are both active and former addicts. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), from 2000 to 2015, more than half a million individuals died from drug overdoses. 91 Americans die every day from an opioid overdose. In 2017, the number of opiate overdose deaths has jumped to 144 per day. Addiction plays a multi-faceted role in how it affects society. Not only is it detrimental for the abuser’s overall health and risk of developing disease, it affects incarceration rates, vehicle accidents, employment and the overall financial burden placed on the government and health insurers. The National Institute on Drug Abuse has estimated that the annual financial burden to be in excess of $78.5 billion, including the costs of healthcare, lost productivity, addiction treatment, and criminal justice involvement.

Substance Abuse Treatment goals for Dual Diagnosis

Dual Diagnosis Treatment
Dual Diagnosis Treatment

According to SAMHSA, approximately 8.9 million Americans have a co-occurring mental health illness and a substance abuse issue, known as dual-diagnosis. They estimated that over 55% of people with co-occurring disorders do not receive any treatment for their conditions. With that being said, there is no simple fix solution to the issue at hand. Rather, addiction is a multi-faceted problem which needs to be addressed from several different angles. It is imperative that the medical and behavioral components of addiction go hand-in-hand, and are addressed collectively to achieve positive outcomes. Along with that, patients have to be held accountable for their recovery and will be provided with all the tools necessary to achieve their goal of long- term sobriety and re-integration into society, as a responsible citizen. Each and every facet of the substance abuse and treatment cycles needs to be assessed for weak links or deficiencies, and a working plan needs to be established in order to achieve those aforementioned outcomes.

It has been recorded that 1 in 4 adults has dual diagnoses, meaning that they have a combination of both a mental disorder such as depression, bipolar, anxiety spectrum, etc.) coupled with an addiction/addictive tendency such as to substances of abuse and alcohol. Either disorder can develop first, and As previously mentioned, an integrated approach is the optimal approach when dealing with patients who suffer from dual diagnosis. This integrative approach involved a multi-disciplinary team that consists of Physicians, Psychiatrists, Psychologists, Nurses, Substance abuse counselors, etc. Different components of effective treatment include detoxification, inpatient rehabilitation, supportive housing, psychotherapy, medications, along with self-help/support groups.

Substance Abuse Treatment in South Florida that specializes in Dual Diagnosis

Substance Abuse Treatment in South Florida
Substance Abuse Treatment in South Florida

Detox of South Florida, Inc. is a world renowned South Florida Detox Center that provides drug addiction services and drug addiction treatment. This drug treatment center deals with dual diagnoses patients who suffer from a variety of mental health conditions such as depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder amongst others. They treat these secondarily to behavioral health diagnoses such as Opioid dependence, benzodiazepine dependence, alcohol dependence, and amphetamine dependence to name a few. This Drug rehabilitation center provides alcohol treatment services, cocaine treatment services, benzodiazepine treatment services, opiate treatment services and many other substance abuse treatments.

The latest, cutting–edge technology and substance abuse treatment modalities are employed to provide a “whole-patient” approach to treating dual diagnoses. It is imperative that modalities such as Medication-Assisted Treatment be employed to address both the mood disorders coupled with the addictive tendencies. Detox of South Florida, Inc. has a 98% success rate with its patient’s completing their course of treatment, through its integrative substance abuse treatment program.

References:

  1. Bilefsky, D. (2017, October 25). Albert Einstein’s ‘Theory of Happiness’ Fetches $1.56 Million. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2017/10/25/world/middleeast/einstein-theory-of-happiness.html
  2. Depression in the U.S. Household Population, 2009-2012. (2014, December 03). Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db172.htm
  3. CDC Fact Sheet: Opioid Overdose. (2017, August 30). Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/drugoverdose/epidemic/index.html
  4. L. (2015, October 23). SAMHSA: Co-occurring Disorders. Retrieved from https://www.samhsa.gov/disorders/co-occurring
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