High-Functioning Alcoholic: The Issues Will Come Out Eventually

Most of the time, the world “alcohol” paints a picture of a person whose life is in complete disarray because of drinking too much. However, not all alcoholics may be categorized into such a stereotype. There is, in fact, another kind of alcoholic known as high-functioning alcoholics.

  • High-functioning alcoholics often appear to have everything going smooth sailing.
  • They may be drinking copious amounts of alcohol, but they simultaneously excel in their work and academics and also have good relationships with their family and friends.
  • Often, their success works against them by making them believe that their drinking is under control.
  • However, after a few months or years, the alcoholism can catch up with them.

It may be very challenging to deal with high-functioning alcoholics.

Often, they are in deep denial concerning their problems with alcohol. After all, they were able to manage an appearance of success despite their impending addiction. Also, many high-functioning alcoholics have loved ones who act like their accomplices by covering up for the consequences of their habits. These people unconsciously enable or encourage the behavior of their alcoholic friend by allowing him to continuously be destructive.

A high-functioning alcoholic is often educated and middle-aged, possibly married with a good family and has a successful career.

Contrary to the stigma of a lonely, desolate and destitute alcoholic, family members and friends may not be able to recognize that a drinking problem even exists.

All day these high-functioning alcoholics stay productive by going to work, going to the gym, and then go home and slug two bottles of wine or other liquor in excess. Often, family members consider this as their normal behavior since the person is still keeping up with his obligations.

High-functioning alcoholics may not be drinking every single day but they may engage in several episodes of heavy drinking or binging every few days. High-functioning alcoholics may not recognize their drinking problem. It is what leads to a double life separating personal and professional life with drinking life.

Although it may seem that this person has his life in order and on the surface does not appear to suffer from alcohol use disorder, high-functioning alcoholics are likely to have developed a tolerance to alcohol. Hence, the need to take in more amount each time just to get drunk.

Other warning signs you should watch out for are:

  • The inability to stick to limits on their drinking successfully.
  • The need to drink alcohol to relax or relieve stress.
  • Frequently jokes about alcoholism or alcohol use.
  • Engaging in hazardous behaviors when drinking such as driving under the influence or going for risky sexual encounters.
  • Show periods of sobriety with restlessness, mood swings, agitation, and irritability.
  • Justifies the drinking as a form of reward.
  • Drinking in secret or by oneself.
  • Periodic blackouts and memory lapses

Also, the person may go through withdrawal symptoms and feel hungover when they remove drinking alcohol from their habits. Many highly functional alcoholics are able to train themselves to be able to function normally despite the negative effects of alcohol on their body. This will also be made possible with the help of addiction treatment center.

Often, the signs of addiction are the loss of productivity in school or at work and the inability to fulfill work and family obligations consistently. However, a highly-functional alcoholic may not show similar signs. Over time, alcohol affects the brain negatively eventually making the person non-functional. As such, it may get more difficult to get tasks done through time.

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How Long Fentanyl Stay in your System

What is Fentanyl?

Fentanyl belongs to a synthetic opiate group of drug used as a pain reliever. One of the most powerful opiates in the market, it is 50 times more deadly than heroin and 100 times more potent than morphine. Doctors usually prescribe the drug as a pain management treatment for patients with:

  •    severe or chronic pain
  •    patients who suffered injuries
  •    who undergone surgery

The US Food and Drug Administration classified fentanyl as a Schedule II opiate drug. This means that the drug contains a high potential for abuse even though it has some medicinal purposes. Over the past few years, fentanyl gained negative attention because of the increasing number of people abusing the drug. The addictive properties of fentanyl are similar to heroin and other illegal street drugs.

Street names of fentanyl include:

  •    Apache
  •    China girl
  •    China White
  •    dance fever
  •    friend
  •    goodfella
  •    jackpot
  •    murder 8
  •    TNT
  •    Tango
  •    Cash

How fentanyl works

Fentanyl affects the brain receptors and the spinal cord to lessen the feeling of pain. It also controls how the individual responds to pain. The drug activates the opiate receptors in the brain which controls and process emotions and pain sensitivity. Using the drug for a long period of time often leads to severe physical and psychological dependence. Even if used a prescribed and despite various health benefits, many users become addictive to the drug.

How fentanyl produces ‘high’ euphoric feeling

Fentanyl increases the dopamine levels in the brain which produces an intense euphoric feeling or the ‘high’.  This sensation is what users seek when using fentanyl. However, as the drug produces the ‘high’ sensation, it also affects some critical bodily functions like the heart rate and breathing process.

When taken in excess, fentanyl abuse can depress the respiratory system leading to a drug overdose. The drug can either stop breathing, incite brain damage and death. Individuals can easily get addicted to fentanyl whether get a prescription from their doctors or obtaining the drug illegally.

Unfortunately, because of the wide spread abuse, fentanyl can easily obtain from several channels like:

  •    buying from street dealers
  •    changing from one doctor to another, ‘ doctor shopping’
  •    stealing prescription medications
  •    purchasing from uncertified online pharmacies even without a valid prescription

Abusing fentanyl put the user at risk for several health problems such as:

  •    developing tolerance
  •    getting addicted to fentanyl
  •    risky behaviors
  •    serious health problems
  •    poor decision-making
  •    accidental drug overdose
  •    death

How long fentanyl stays in your system

Even if fentanyl users hide their addiction, there are several ways in detecting drug use. Different drug tests can detect specific time frames. Some of the drug tests include:

  •    blood
  •    urine
  •    hair
  •    saliva

Experts utilized urine testing to detect fentanyl, the most common drug test. However, there are several factors which come into play in detecting how long fentanyl stay in the system. Several drug tests prove effective with certain drugs. It is important to know which of these tests will best detect a particular drug and other factors which could affect the drug testing.

Factors that influence fentanyl drug testing include:

  •    The amount of drug used (the dosage that the user take in each occasion; the higher the dosage, the longer it remains in the system)
  •    The physical wellness of the user (such as height, weight, and bodily functions)
  •    How fast the body can metabolize the drug (metabolism rate can affect how fast or how slow the drug exits from the body)

On average, urine testing can effectively detect fentanyl more than 12 hours. But hair follicle testing can detect accurately detect fentanyl up to three months.

How long does Fentanyl stay in urine?

Typically, a urine test can detect fentanyl from 8 hours to 24 hours from the last drug intake.

How long does Fentanyl stay in blood?

Another common drug test that experts to analyze drug abuse is through blood testing. On average, fentanyl stays in the blood for more than 12 hours from the last dose.

How long does Fentanyl stay in saliva?

Saliva testing is a less common method when testing fentanyl usage. This test can detect fentanyl use more efficiently than blood or urine testing. Usually, saliva test can detect fentanyl use from day 1 up to 3 days after the last drug use.

How long does Fentanyl stay in hair?

Experts considered and some of the best addiction center hair testing as the most accurate methods of detecting the drug in the system. It can detect more precise usage of drug use compared to blood, urine, and saliva. But, this test is more expensive that other drug tests.  Hair follicle testing can detect fentanyl for up to three months from the last fentanyl dose.

In summary, drug test can detect fentanyl from the last dose:

  •    saliva = 1 to 3 days
  •    blood =  12 hours
  •    urine = 8 to 24 hours
  •    hair = up to 90 days

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