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What is Fentanyl Patch?

Fentanyl

Fentanyl belongs to a group of drug called opioids, sometimes referred to as a narcotic. These drugs are derived from the Asian Poppy Plant. Doctors use fentanyl as a part of anesthesia to prevent pain after surgery or other medical procedures.

The Food and Drug Administration considered the drug as a Schedule II prescription drug. Fentanyl helps people who suffer from severe pain who otherwise cannot be treated with other drugs. Some people develop tolerance to other opioids, fentanyl serves as their last chance of treatment for pain.

Branded names of Fentanyl include:

  • Nasalfent
  • Subsys
  • Actavis
  • Sublimaze
  • Durogesic
  • Duragesic
  • Fentanyl citrate
  • PriCara
  • Lazanda

However, fentanyl goes a lot of names in the street such as:

  • Apache
  • China girl
  • Drop dead
  • Goodfella
  • Jackpot
  • Murder 8
  • TNT
  • Percopop
  • China white
  • Serial killer
  • Shine

Different kinds of pain need various types of treatment. In relation to this, fentanyl comes in several forms like:

  • oral tablets
  • nasal sprays
  • injections
  • lozenges
  • lollipops
  • patches

Fentanyl Patches

Fentanyl Patches is a form of fentanyl medication used to treat moderate to severe pain.  As a narcotic pain medicine, using the patches may become habit-forming leading to addiction. Doctors commonly prescribe fentanyl transdermal patches for cancer patients suffering from severe chronic pain due to the disease.

In such occasions, patients need continuous drug treatment for their pain. The patches adhere to the skin and releases fentanyl constantly for a long period of time. Once applied, fentanyl patches can release chemicals lasting about 48 to 73 hours. Even when removed, fentanyl still has an effect around 13 to 24 hours.

Typically, doctors and addiction treatment centers prescribe low dose of fentanyl and gradually increase dosage as needed. The recommended dose is not more than once every three days or not more than once every six days.

Slowly increasing dosage or tapering off, ensure the safety of patients. An individual who suffers moderate pain will not be prescribed more than what they need to avoid drug dependence. Slowly tapering off from fentanyl patches will avoid any withdrawal symptoms that users may experience. In opiate drugs, abruptly stopping from medication can result to intense withdrawal period. Doctors need to carefully watch for any dependence, tolerance, and misuse of the drug to prevent addiction.

How fentanyl patches are abuse

Users sometimes choose to obtain patches because of its availability.  The patches can still produce ample amounts of fentanyl. Users remove the gel substance, abusing it by:

  • eating the gel
  • sticking it under the tongue
  • smoking it
  • snorting the drug
  • preparing it for injection

If use against its intended prescription, it can lead to tolerance resulting to addiction and overdose.

Side effects of Fentanyl Patches

Just like other opiates, fentanyl patch can cause severe and serious breathing problems. The risk increases when patients first started using the drug or in higher doses.

It is important to always follow medical prescription when using fentanyl patch. Do not use the drug if:

  • when users already develop tolerance to other narcotic pain reliever
  • right after surgery
  • if the pain is mild, or use as-needed pain relief
  • For long-term use.

Taking other medication can greatly increase fentanyl’s potency as well as its adverse effects. Medications that may escalate the risk of fentanyl include:

  • amiodarone
  • amprenavir
  • aprepitant
  • carbamazepine
  • clarithromycin
  • diltiazem
  • erythromycin
  • fluconazole
  • fosamprenavir
  • itraconazole
  • ketoconazole
  • nefazodone
  • nelfinavir
  • phenytoin
  • rifampin
  • ritonavir
  • troleandomycin
  • verapamil

Fentanyl Side Effects

Fentanyl can cause respiratory problems like decreased breathing or slow heart rate. Transdermal patches can produce several skin reactions particularly in the site of application. Redness and swelling may occur which can last for 6 hours after the removing the patch.

Other side effects of fentanyl include:

  • dry mouth
  • abdominal cramps
  • loss of appetite
  • drowsiness
  • confusion
  • headache
  • hallucinations
  • nervousness
  • anxiety
  • depression

Other severe effects include:

  • respiratory depression
  • fainting
  • severe low blood pressure
  • seizures
  • slow heart rate
  • paralytic ileus
  • cardiac arrest
  • difficulty in breathing
  • death due to drug overdose

Other risks involved when using fentanyl patches:

  • Improper disposal of the patches can lead to accidental ingestion or exposure to fentanyl.  It can result serious adverse reactions especially in children.
  • Exposing fentanyl patches to heat can cause immediate and concentrated release of the drug into the skin. This can cause serious fatal effects including overdose.
  • Using fentanyl patches during pregnancy can cause drug dependence of the fetus to the drug. Newborn babies can immediately suffer life-threatening fentanyl withdrawal symptoms once born.

Things to avoid when using fentanyl patches

Heat may trigger rapid release of fentanyl into the skin causing serious adverse effects. It is important to avoid activities and exposure to:

  • electric blankets
  • heat lamps
  • saunas
  • hot tubs
  • heated waterbeds
  • heating pads
  • sunbathing
  • long hot showers
  • other activities that may increase body temperature

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What does Fentanyl do? | Okeechobee

What does Fentanyl do to the body?

Fentanyl greatly affects opioid receptors in the brain. It also alters the spinal cord functions to lessen the sensation of pain. The opioids receptors found in these brain areas also controls breathing rate.  In higher doses, the drug can completely shut down the respiratory system which could lead to lead.  Fentanyl also controls and dictates how an individual will responds to pain.

Some of the most common side effects of Fentanyl include:

  •    It also overstimulates opiate receptors in the brain
  •    Affects how the brain process pain
  •    Alters pain perceptions and emotions
  •    Depresses respiratory system
  •    Produces erratic or rapid heart beat
  •    euphoric feelings

Similarly, the drug increases the dopamine levels, producing extreme euphoric feelings the ‘high’. Users commonly seek this sensation when using the fentanyl. As the drug produces intense ‘high’, Fentanyl also affects major bodily functions.

Fentanyl Addiction

Prolonged use of Fentanyl often leads to psychological and physical dependence. In such conditions, addiction may develop even if an individual follows a medical prescription. Fentanyl can effectively cure various health problems, but it also has a high potential for abuse.

Drug dealers who sell fentanyl on the street mix the drug with cocaine or heroin. The mixture amplifies fentanyl’s potency, providing a great risk of overdose.

When taken in excess and long-term use, fentanyl can:

  •    drug overdose
  •    depressed the respiratory system
  •    stop breathing
  •    brain damage
  •    death

Users usually seek the euphoric sensations that fentanyl produces. Addiction can happen anytime even when users are following a direct medical order from their physicians. Unfortunately, various illegal channels sell fentanyl to users who consume the drug recreationally.

Those addicted to fentanyl displays several signs like:

  •    stealing prescriptions
  •    going from a doctor to another to get prescriptions
  •    buying fentanyl from illegal channels like street dealers and illegitimate online pharmacies

Other severe symptoms include:

  •    showing withdrawal symptoms if they do not take the next drug dose
  •    poor decision making sometimes resulting in risky behaviors
  •    several health problems
  •    accidental drug overdose
  •    coma
  •    death

Natural and synthetic opiate is usually measured against morphine when analyzing the drug’s strength. Measured against morphine, fentanyl is about 50 to 100 times more powerful. The Food and Drug Administration warn the medical community about administering fentanyl and its dosage. The drug needs a precise and careful formulation to avoid addiction and overdoses.

How fentanyl is abused

Fentanyl comes in several forms and users take the drug using various ways. Usually, doctors administer the drug via injection in a hospital setting. However, users found more way to abuse the drug like:

  •    users often put fentanyl gels found in  transdermal patches under the tongue
  •    they stuck fentanyl capsules between their teeth and cheek for continuous drug release
  •    most of the times users will squeeze the liquid or gel from the patches to either smoke or ingest the drug extract

Fentanyl is also available as a lollipop sold under the brand name of Actiq. For cancer patients, a sublingual spray can offer as a pain reliever. The drug is marketed under the brand names of:

  •    Abstral
  •    Duragesic
  •    Fentora
  •    Lazanda
  •    Onsolis
  •    Subsys

Doctors usually prescribe fentanyl in forms of:

  •    injection
  •    lozenges
  •    tablets
  •    transdermal patch
  •    lollipops

Other forms of fentanyl produced in illegitimate laboratories can result in a drug overdose. Because they often mix fentanyl with other illicit substances with no regards of the dosage. They sold fentanyl in various forms such as:

  •    powder
  •    mix with heroin or cocaine
  •    combined with other less powerful opioids
  •    smeared on blotted paper

Fentanyl users often take the drug by:

  •    snorting
  •    injecting
  •    ingesting
  •    or putting blotted paper in their mouths (this will allow the mucous membrane to absorb the drug)

Side effects of fentanyl

As an opiate drug, side effects of fentanyl are similar to other opiates like drowsiness and euphoria. But the exceptional strength of the drug makes it unusual for building tolerance for opiates.  Some users who used fentanyl for their severe pain may not be able to get pain relief from other opiates. For the reason, that fentanyl has a fast tolerance building effect.

Fentanyl users may experience two kinds of side effects from the drug, one for the drug and other from withdrawal symptoms.  Because Fentanyl is a powerful drug, its effects can also be very intense. But with the help of the best rehab clinic in your area these effects can be minimized.

Side effects of Fentanyl include:

  •    Nausea
  •    Vomiting
  •    Dizziness
  •    Drowsiness
  •    Lethargy
  •    Tiredness
  •    Body weakness
  •    Shortness of breath
  •    Difficulty breathing
  •    Swelling of  extremities (hands, feet, and ankles)
  •    Headaches

Effects of Fentanyl withdrawal:

  •    Extreme restlessness
  •    Stomach cramps
  •    Insomnia
  •    Nausea
  •    Vomiting
  •    Yawning
  •    Sweating
  •    Watery eyes and runny nose
  •    Chills
  •    Muscle and bone pain
  •    Anxiety
  •    Irritability
  •    Weakness
  •    High blood pressure

Fentanyl side effects could cause severe discomfort and pain to users.  To avoid going through such experience users need to continuously take the drug, builds up tolerance resulting to drug overdose. Somehow, these users are stuck in cycle, unable to break free.  They make irrational decision which could lead to dangerous situations, not just for them but for their loved ones as well. Seeking medical help to quit fentanyl addiction is imperative. The sooner it get treated, the better for the users to regain their lives back.

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What is Fentanyl Used For?

Fentanyl is an opiate receptor agonist, which means it binds the opioid receptors in the brain. The drug increases the dopamine levels in the central nervous system, producing feelings of euphoria. As a prescription drug, other known effects of fentanyl include:

  •    relieves pain
  •    decreases the perception of suffering
  •    produces a state of relaxation
  •    gives out a feeling of well-being

Classified under as a Schedule II prescription narcotic drug, doctors prescribe fentanyl to treat moderate to severe pain.  About 50 to 80 times more powerful than morphine, fentanyl is often given to people who have physical tolerance to opiates.

The drug affects individuals differently and varies depending on:

  •    the user’s overall physical health (height, weight, and genetic make-up)
  •    fentanyl dosage
  •    the user’s tolerance for the drugs and whether they are used taking opioids
  •    when other substances are taken along with other drugs like other drugs or alcohol

The drug works within minutes from the time the user takes the drug. As a short-acting drug, its duration usually last for about 30 to 90 minutes. Fentanyl depresses both the respiratory system, coughs reflexes and constricts the pupils. Fentanyl also comes in different formulations and forms such as:

  •    oral tablets
  •    nasal sprays
  •    injections
  •    lozenges
  •    lollipops
  •    patches

Doctors usually administer fentanyl transdermal patch for patients who need continuous medication to relieve pain. It adheres to the skin easily and releases the drug gradually. The patch releases fentanyl through the skin and into the bloodstream in about 48 to 72 hours.

The patch is used for patients who already build tolerance to opioid therapy. Once absorbed in the skin, fentanyl still has an effect for about 13 to 24 hours after the removing the patch.

Street names for fentanyl include:

  •    Apache
  •    China girl
  •    Drop dead
  •    Goodfella
  •    Jackpot
  •    Murder 8
  •    TNT
  •    Percopop
  •    China white
  •    Serial killer
  •    Shine

Fentanyl is marketed under brand names of:

  •    Nasalfent
  •    Subsys
  •    Actavis
  •    Sublimaze
  •    Durogesic
  •    Duragesic
  •    Fentanyl citrate
  •    PriCara
  •    Lazanda

Medical use of Fentanyl

Health care professionals use fentanyl as an anesthesia for medical surgeries and as a pain reliever. Under a Schedule II controlled substances, the Food and Drug Administration or FDA warn the medical community about prescribing the drug.  The agency stretches out the importance of:

  •    proper patient profiling
  •    giving out dosages
  •    screening of candidates for patients that can potentially abuse fentanyl

When taken exactly as prescribe, the drug is safe to use even with fentanyl skin patches. However, if they use the drug outside the prescription, they can easily develop addiction disorders. Patients taking fentanyl as severe pain treatment can build tolerance then eventually addiction. They might not develop addiction by their own choice. However, some chemical reactions may dictate behavior of becoming too dependent to fentanyl.

Improper use, drug storage and drug disposal can lead to serious adverse result including death and drug overdose. This applies to a seemingly harmless fentanyl patches. This is why an addiction treatment center is of great importance.

Some of the appropriate medical use of fentanyl includes:

  •    Pain management treatment for people who suffers from moderate to severe pain. These cases sometimes involve people who needs constant and round-the-clock pain reliever.
  •    Doctors use fentanyl as an anesthesia agent for people undergoing major surgeries. The drug is also used for patients with heart complications.
  •    Used as a powerful anesthesia whenever needed for:

o    intramuscular

o    spinal

o    epidural

o    intravenous

  •    Fentanyl is a breakthrough for cancer patients who need opioid medications for their persistent pain which cannot be treated with other opioids.
  •    Used as a pain reliever for people who already have opioid tolerance over other narcotic drugs.  

Illegal use of Fentanyl

Fentanyl abuse started during the 1970s and drastically increased over the years. Distribution of illegitimate pharmaceutical companies added to the problem. People can purchase the drug online or from street dealers. Even discarded transdermal fentanyl patches can still produce generous amounts of the drug.

Users can still get fentanyl from patches when they remove the gel substance from the patch. User may:

  •    eat the gel
  •    stick it under the tongue
  •    smoke it
  •    prepare it for injection

Fentanyl can produce more respiratory depression than heroin, making the drug more deadly. It would turn out hundreds of time more deadly if manufactured in illegal laboratories. Long-time users of cocaine or heroin may not know the difference of street heroin enhance with fentanyl. The potency of mixture of these drugs is still unknown. Taking it can result to accidental overdose even death.

Side effects of Fentanyl

Users usually smoke, snort, ingest, and inject fentanyl. A single dose of 0.5 mg of fentanyl will provide euphoric sensations similar to a 20 mg of heroin.

Doctors also consider the patient’s age in administering correct dosage for the drug. Older people are more likely to experience the drug’s dangerous side effects compare to younger users. The drug affects the respiratory system and produces effects like:

Side effects of fentanyl include:

  •    Constricted pupils
  •    Unconsciousness
  •    Slowed respirations
  •    Decreased heart rate
  •    Drowsiness
  •    Confusion
  •    Constipation
  •    Dry mouth
  •    Weakness
  •    Nausea
  •    Sweating
  •    Flushing
  •    Confusion
  •    Stiff muscles
  •    Problems concentrating

Fentanyl transdermal patches can cause:

  •    redness
  •    rashes
  •    itching
  •    swelling in the area where over patch was applied

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Im Addicted To Fentanyl- Now What Do I Do?

After realizing that you have a fentanyl addiction, you should seek professional treatment. Since fentanyl is so powerful and its effects are both physical and mental, the treatment needs to address both aspects too. The first step, definitely, is detoxification.

What is Fentanyl?

Fentanyl is a powerful painkiller. It is also highly addictive and abusing it recreationally can lead to drug dependence. In the worst case scenario, overdose and death. Therefore, it’s important to know the facts about fentanyl abuse and addiction. Fentanyl is:

  • A schedule II prescription drug. This means that it has medical value, but is also known to have a high potential for abuse.
  • More powerful than morphine.
  • Often prescribed to post-surgery patients and chronic pain sufferers who don’t respond to other opioids.
  • Is sold under the brand names of Sublimaze, Actiq, and Duragesic. As a street drug, it is known by many names, including “Murder 8,” “TNT,” “China Girl,” and “Jackpot.”
  • More than 2 million people in the U.S. are addicted to prescription opioids, according to the World Health Organization. Fentanyl is categorized under opioids.
  • Most teens and young adults who develop opioid addictions start out by taking their parents’ leftover prescription medicines, especially from those that undergo post-surgery pain management.

How Does A Detox Work?

A medical detoxification works by removing access to fentanyl and other drugs, minimizing exposure to stimuli that could trigger a relapse and observing the person for medical problems or complications. The detox cleanses the body and removes the effects that have accumulated due to prolonged use of the drug. The person under is undergoing detoxification is monitored around the clock until the withdrawal phase is over.

The detox may include the use of medications to treat cravings and other withdrawal symptoms, thereby increasing the detox’s chance of success. Some medications used to treat withdrawal sickness and cravings include buprenorphine and naloxone (Suboxone), methadone (Dolophine), and clonidine (Catapres). However, detox treatment centers work on a case-by-case basis to decide the best course of action for each individual.

During the detox process, medical monitoring is essential in order to minimize the risk of relapse and subsequent overdose. Oopioid abusers may also be suffering from various infectious diseases or other health issues; hence, medical monitoring has become more important. Additionally, seizures are not usually associated with opioid withdrawal, but may occur during fentanyl withdrawal due to the drug’s ability to lower the seizure threshold in a similar way to meperidine (Demerol).

Without a medically-assisted detox, fentanyl withdrawal is not only unpleasant. It is, above all else, highly dangerous. Withdrawal causes the body’s tolerance for a drug to drop, and if a person relapses (a high risk for opioid users), taking the same dose of fentanyl that they formerly did can overwhelm their body and lead to respiratory failure and death.

If you or your loved ones are suffering from fentanyl abuse or addiction, treatment is needed to address it because even legitimately-prescribed fentanyl can quickly lead to harmful abuse.

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Fentanyl Addiction: Don’t Wait A Second, Seek Treatment Now!

Fentanyl is an extremely potent opiate narcotic, 30-50 times stronger than heroin and 50-100 times stronger than morphine. It is used for severe pain, most often in breakthrough cancer pain. When sold on the street, fentanyl is often mixed with heroin or cocaine, increasing its already significant potential for danger. Abusing fentanyl, especially mixed with other drugs, can be deadly. If you or anyone you know is abusing fentanyl, it’s important to seek treatment immediately.

Fentanyl 101

Although fentanyl is not as well-known as more common pain medications, fentanyl abuse is becoming popular. In 2015, the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) issued a nationwide alert in response to an alarming rise in fentanyl-related deaths.

Fentanyl is similar to morphine and heroin. Like other opiates, it interacts with opiate receptors in the brain that regulate pleasure, pain, and emotions, producing a reduction in pain, feeling of relaxation, and state of euphoria. These pleasant feelings can induce a person to take fentanyl again and again, leading to tolerance and addiction.

How Should Fentanyl Addiction Be Treated?

Fentanyl abuse has serious effects ranging from respiratory depression, coma, and in worst cases death. This is the reason that addiction to fentanyl should be treated as soon as possible.

The good news is that treatment can help those struggling with fentanyl addiction to make a full recovery. There are many recovery programs available on either inpatient and outpatient basis. They incorporate various steps, including but not limited to evaluation, safe medical detox, 12-step recovery programs, group and/or individual therapy, aftercare planning, e.g. assignment to a sober-living facility, and options For Fentanyl Rehab.

What Detox Treatment Center Options Do You Have?

When seeking treatment for fentanyl addiction, there are three main types of treatment centers:

Traditional: These provide inpatient or outpatient treatment, usually in the form of 30-90 day programs. Before recommending a program, a treatment team will assess the imminent danger to the patient and those surrounding him, the strength of your social support system, the need for a safe environment, and any court mandates. The treatment includes group and individual therapy, physical and nutritional rehabilitation and the creation of an individual treatment plan. The aim of the plan is to list the patient’s problem areas and obstacles towards recovery, as well as future treatment plans.

Luxury: These provide extra services beyond those offered by traditional facilities, including a variety of amenities such as private rooms, golf courses, tennis, yoga, art therapy, and specialized nutrition programs. These amenities help you feel more at home, while also providing an almost vacation-like atmosphere to help your recovery efforts.

Executive: These serve executive clients who need privacy and the ability to continue professional work. Many high-profile executives feel it is paramount to maintain their privacy in order to preserve their public image. The center may also make travel arrangements for necessary business trips and meetings during the treatment.

Finding the right program for the patient’s individual needs is an important aspect of treatment. Whichever type of center you choose, their program will involve intensive therapy, general life-skills training, and relapse prevention. Although different rehabilitation centers implement different programs, their goal will always be to get you off fentanyl and back to a sober life.

Why Choose Detox of South Florida For Fentanyl Detox And Rehab?

To successfully combat fentanyl addiction, most people will need professional help. Treatment for fentanyl abuse is usually conducted on an inpatient basis at a residential treatment center. This provides:

  • Comfortable, medically safe detox;
  • Immersive care;
  • A new environment that separates the user psychologically from their former everyday habits;
  • Support while eliminating opportunities for relapse;
  • Individual and group therapies;
  • Assistance with overall physical health, including proper nutrition;
  • Programs for the addicted person’s family, helping to rebuild bridges and heal relationships affected by the addiction.

Without professional assistance, withdrawal from fentanyl is not just unpleasant, but downright dangerous. Opioid users are at high risk for relapse, and since withdrawal lowers the body’s tolerance for the drug, relapsing and taking the same dosage as before can cause an overdose.

How Detox Centers of South Florida Can Help You?

If you or anyone you know have tried to fight fentanyl addiction, but ended up relapsing, well it’s not a new case. Addiction to fentanyl or other opioid drugs is extremely difficult to overcome and has a very high rate of relapse. For many, it has become a chronic struggle. Get in touch with the right professionals and they can help you start a successful treatment for fentanyl abuse. Proper treatment can be life-changing and can lift the heavy burden of fentanyl addiction.

If you or your loved one is addicted to fentanyl, detox treatment centers can help you in numerous ways, like:

  • Helping you to identify the obstacles keeping you from recovery.
  • Teaching you skills and providing you with resources to cope with the effects of drug addiction.
  • Providing you with medications, supported by therapy and counseling methods with proven effectiveness.
  • Providing peer support to combat feelings of isolation.
  • Providing spiritual support via community programs, e.g. Narcotics Anonymous.
  • Putting you in touch with available vocational and work resources once you have finished treatment.

Treatment Continues After Detox Treatment

Detox of South Florida treatment centers is not a quick fix for fentanyl addiction. Some people enter centers with the expectation that it will be quick and easy. The truth is, many programs for fentanyl addiction actually last anywhere from weeks to months, depending on the severity of the addiction and on the individual‘s recovery process during the treatment.

One of the most important parts of fentanyl addiction detoxification actually comes after a person leaves the rehabilitation center. In order to remain firmly on the path of recovery, many medical professionals recommend that after leaving the facility, a person should attend outside aftercare programs, such as Narcotics Anonymous (NA).

Other Available Treatment Options

Besides inpatient treatment centers, outpatient treatment is another option. This is best for patients with a supportive environment at home. However, it is often not appropriate for people with severe addictions or complications, since outpatient treatment leaves the individual in the same environment where they had been using.

Each person needs to find the best treatment plan for them, based on own specific needs. Also, most treatment programs whether inpatient or outpatient, provide services for individuals who suffer from co-occurring mental illnesses in addition to addiction.

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Fentanyl Addiction (Often) Starts In Seeking For Pain Relief Medication

Chronic pain is more common among women than men, and opioids like fentanyl are often prescribed to them to ease the pain. Many of them, however, abuse the drug by using it for a longer periods of time, way longer than their prescription allowed. In many cases, this prescription drug also falls into the hands of their friends or relatives and this has become the most frequent way that adolescents begin to abuse opioids.

Fentanyl Is An Opioid Substance

Someone who was prescribed fentanyl for pain and later finds himself abusing it and becoming addicted to it, may find it hard to understand why they were given a prescription that can be addictive, in the first place. Fentanyl, first and foremost, is prescribed in many forms to deal with genuine problems of severe or chronic pain.

Fentanyl is a synthetic opioid. It has been developed as a painkiller for surgical procedures and post-surgery recoveries. The drug is also often prescribed to cancer patients, who experience severe flare-ups of breakthrough pain. Fentanyl, according to medical experts, is similar to Demerol (meperidine).

The main difference between fentanyl and over-the-counter pain medications like NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) is that these other medications affect the local site of the pain. Fentanyl, on the other hand, works by inhibiting the pain pathways from the site of the pain to the brain. Its mechanism of action has made fentanyl more fast-acting than all other pain relievers in the market.

The Science, Statistics Of Fentanyl

Fentanyl produces a sense of euphoria and pleasant sedation. Many users start seeking out that “high” feeling and rush of euphoria to drown out their emotional pain. Fentanyl interacts with opioid receptors in the brain’s reward areas, reinforcing repeated use and abuse.

  • Fentanyl is an extremely strong painkiller, approximately 100 times the strength of morphine.
  • It depresses breathing and fentanyl overdose fatalities are invariably due to respiratory failure.
  • Fentanyl abuse is on the rise as shown by the more than tenfold increase in fentanyl-related deaths (from 22 to 252 deaths in Philadelphia alone) between 2005 and 2006.
  • There are several ways of administering fentanyl, which include intravenous injections (Sublimaze), a mouth spray (Subsys), dissolving tablets (Fentora), skin patches for slow release (Duragesic), or oral lozenges and lollipops for children or adults (Actiq).

What To Expect With Fentanyl Administration?

The physical effects of fentanyl abuse include tolerance. A person’s body begins to need higher doses every time to get the same effect. Withdrawal sickness also can manifest if a person decreases or stops their fentanyl use. A fentanyl addict may start by just liking the drug, but sooner their body will crave for it and its effects.

Opioids, as they are categorized under, are the strongest and most effective drugs available for pain relief. Fentanyl works by attaching to the brain’s opioid receptors, activating it to cause a complex cascade of events in the brain. One of these events is increased dopamine activity, producing a sense of euphoria. Another structure involved is the area of the brain is called the nucleus accumbens. This plays a role in the development of compulsive fentanyl use.

Once you begin giving yourself that euphoric sensation on a daily basis, the most important action to do is to assess yourself for the signs of fentanyl addiction. Fentanyl detox is best done in an inpatient detox setting. It is much safer than trying to detox at home, and our expertly trained staff will be there to assist you in the detox process.

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